Research of the reading and learning process has gotten very sophisticated in the last decade.  We are now able to combine the sciences of neurobiology, the science of the brain, and cognitive psychology, the science of the mind, to study the intellectual acquisition of the written word even at the molecular level.  We now know that as the level of reading becomes more complex, the brain becomes involved at deeper and more varied levels.  The ability to read and learn becomes a barometer of neural health, and is an indicator of how well the sensory-motor and perceptual systems integrate with each other.

Dr. Linda Lipstein, O.D., M.Ed. 1997


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Informal Surveys, definition listed below. **

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*   A standardized test is any form of test that (1) requires all test takers to answer the same questions, or a selection of questions from common bank of questions, in the same way, and that (2) is scored in a “standard” or consistent manner, which makes it possible to compare the relative performance of individual students or groups of students.  (definition provided by The Great Schools Partnership.  11-12-15)

**  Informal Surveys are used to identify behavior that are related to a particular disorder.  When an informal survey is given, it usually means that there are no scientifically validated studies and/or tests that have been standardized to identify this learning pattern.